Atherosclerosis (clogging) of blood vessels is the number one cause of death in America and other highly developed countries

Atherosclerosis (clogging)  of blood vessels is the number one cause of death in America and other highly developed countries



Atherosclerosis is a condition in which the blood vessels that carry oxygen from the heart to other parts of the body become thick and rigid and prevent the flow of oxygen to the organs and tissues of the body.

Healthy arteries are elastic but over time they become stiff and the supply of oxygen to the tissues and organs decreases, leading to damage and disease.

Atherosclerosis is the accumulation of plaque in the intima of large and medium-sized arteries; plaque consists of lipids, inflammatory cells, smooth muscle cells, and connective tissue cells.


Risk factors include dyslipidemia, diabetes, cigarette smoking, positive family history, inactive lifestyle, obesity, and arterial hypertension. When blood flow obstruction or rupture occurs due to obstruction of blood flow, symptoms also develop, and they vary depending on the affected arterial blood vessel.

Cholesterol plaque in artery with human heart anatomy. 3d illustration

Atherosclerosis is one of the most important and common diseases in humans and is usually asymptomatic.

Symptoms occur when major damage occurs. First, the blood vessel wall is damaged, and deposits of cholesterol and other cellular products begin to build up, causing the blood vessels to harden and narrow.

Organs and tissues do not receive oxygen from the transfused blood and stop functioning properly.

This leads to a blood clot with partial or complete blockage of blood flow to a certain part of the body and, for example, a heart attack occurs when blood flow is blocked. in the heart.

A thrombus can travel and cause blockage of blood flow to other organs (brain, lungs, kidney, intestines) with fatal consequences.


Atherosclerosis manifests itself differently in different parts of the body

– atherosclerosis of the kidneys causes high blood pressure

– Atherosclerosis of blood vessels in the brain can cause dizziness, headache, forgetfulness, difficulty speaking, swelling of the arms and legs, stroke and paralysis.

-atherosclerosis of the heart can cause chest pain and pressure, angina pectoris and heart attack

-atherosclerosis in the extremities legs and arms cramps and pain occur after greater physical activity.

The most common cause of atherosclerosis is poor diet with large amounts of fatty foods. Other possible reasons are:

-High blood pressure

-high cholesterol and triglycerides

-high sugar

-familial predisposition

Therefore, it is very important to prevent blood vessels from being cleaned in time. This prevents the occurrence of many diseases.

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